Native to Europe, Norway Maple (Acer platanoides) was introduced North America because of its aesthetically pleasing landscaping look. Nowadays varieties of the Norway maple are typically planted in urban areas because of their perceived aesthetics, tolerance to stress and rapid growth.
The leaf buds are rounded.
Leaves are oppositely arranged and have 5-7 lobes.
Norway maple leaves tend to be wider than long.
In late April, yellowish green flowers are produced in clusters.
The stems and branches release a white sap when broken.
Mature bark have a small crisscrossing groove pattern.
Where is Norway Maple found in our watershed?
Norway maple is a common urban tree in our watershed. Although significant encroachment into natural areas have not been observed to date, there is a high potential that this will occur.
Why is Norway Maple of concern?
Norway maples grows rapidly and once established they create a thick canopy which block sunlight from the forest floor restricting growth of native shrubs and ground cover. Also, seedlings can create a thick mat in the shady forest understory and still establish since they are shade-tolerant. The roots of the Norway maple tend to grow close to the ground surface taking away moisture for native plant species.
How to Control the Spread
The best method of controlling Norway maple is preventing the spread of more.
Remember to refrain from planting any of the Norway maples on your property, which include the Crimson King, Emerald Queen, Drummondii, Dissectum, Columnare, and other varieties.
Once established, removal of the Norway maple is difficult. Cutting down the tree to the base of the trunk and spraying the trunk with an herbicide is required.
Good alternatives to Norway Maple include:
Hackberry (adapted to a range of soil types and tolerates difficult urban conditions)
Sugar maple (needs deep, rich soil)
Silver and Freeman maples (needs moist soils)
Downy and smooth serviceberry (tolerates wide range of soils and produces edible berries during the summer!)
Speak to your tree nursery for more suggestions
Invasive Species on Private Property
NVCA does not offer a service to remove invasive species on private property. If you are looking for tips on dealing with invasive species on your property, see the links above, or visit
Ontario's Invading Species Awareness Program.